When was the term “business intelligence” first coined? You might assume it was first conceived in the late 1980’s; coinciding with the initial emergence of companies offering visual analytic software, but the term was actually first used decades earlier by visionary IBM technology scientist Hans-Peter Luhn in his groundbreaking 1958 research paper, A Business Intelligence System.
Hans-Peter Luhn’s life work at IBM did not include quantifiable (structured) data. Rather, H.P. Luhn’s prolific IBM career focused on documents — letters, research reports, books — the unstructured content of his day.
Reading his paper today, it is clear that Luhn was well ahead of his time, envisioning critical technology components that set the stage for knowledge management and enterprise search today. And now, Luhn’s insights into the effective use of information, such as the vital need to answer three vital overarching questions – what is known, who needs to know, and who knows what – are more relevant to today’s business intelligence than ever before.